Education models

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In the education sector, data models play a crucial role in organizing and managing educational information. Data models provide a structured framework for representing various educational entities such as students, courses, and assessments, outlining their attributes and relationships. Schemas, on the other hand, define the structure and format of data elements within a system, ensuring consistency and interoperability across different educational applications and databases. Additionally, standard data classification systems enable the categorization and organization of educational data based on predefined criteria such as subject areas, grade levels, or educational standards, facilitating data integration, analysis, and reporting. These standardized frameworks and systems promote efficient data exchange, enhance data quality and accuracy, and support decision-making processes in the education sector.

IMS Global Learning Consortium

Acronym:  IMS Global

Organisation responsible:  1ED Tech

Official web page:  http://www.imsglobal.org/home

Description: IMS Global is a leading organization that develops and promotes open standards for educational technology. They have developed various data models and specifications for interoperability in the education sector, including the Learning Information Services (LIS) standard.

Current Version:  1.3

Schema location:  https://www.imsglobal.org/xsd/index.html

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Not available

License details:  Details here

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Common Education Data Standards

Acronym:  CEDS

Organisation responsible:  1ED Tech

Official web page:  https://ceds.ed.gov/

Description: CEDS is a collaborative effort by the U.S. Department of Education and various stakeholders to define common data standards for education. It provides a comprehensive set of data elements, definitions, and relationships to facilitate consistent data reporting and analysis.

Current Version:  11

Schema location:  https://ceds.ed.gov/dataModel.aspx

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not available

License details:  Open data

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Ed-Fi

Acronym:  ED-FI

Organisation responsible:  1ED Tech

Official web page:  https://www.ed-fi.org/

Description: Ed-Fi is an open-source initiative that provides a comprehensive data model and standards for education data integration. It aims to streamline data interoperability among different education technology systems.

Current Version:  2.0

Schema location:  https://techdocs.ed-fi.org/display/ETKB/Ed-Fi+Standards

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML / JSON

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Available here

License details:  Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Schools Interoperability Framework

Acronym:  SIF

Organisation responsible:  1ED Tech

Official web page:  https://www.ed-fi.org/

Description: SIF is an open data standard developed by the Schools Interoperability Framework Association. It defines a framework for exchanging data between various educational applications and systems, promoting seamless data integration and communication.

Current Version:  2.0

Schema location:  https://techdocs.ed-fi.org/display/ETKB/Ed-Fi+Standards

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML / JSON

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  v6.1 Available here

License details:  License details are here

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

OneRoster

Acronym:  Not applicable

Organisation responsible:  1ED Tech

Official web page:  https://www.imsglobal.org/activity/onerosterlis

Description: OneRoster is a standard developed by IMS Global for managing class rosters, enrollment, and student performance data. It provides a consistent format for exchanging student and course information between different learning management systems (LMS) and other educational applications.

Current Version:  1.2

Schema location:  https://www.imsglobal.org/oneroster-v11-final-specification

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Various available here

License details:  License details are here

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

Acronym:  DCMI

Organisation responsible:  DCMI is officially constituted as project of ASIS&T, a U.S. 501(c)(3) non-profit under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code

Official web page:  https://www.dublincore.org/

Description:  DCMI is an organization that develops standards for describing and organizing metadata. While not specific to education, it is widely used in the sector to provide standardized metadata for educational resources and content.

Current Version:  1.1

Schema location:  https://www.imsglobal.org/oneroster-v11-final-specification

Standard:  Dublin Core has been formally standardized internationally as ISO 15836

Type of data:  Metadata

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not applicable

License details:  The XML and RDF schemas are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. See the DCMI schema use notice for further details.

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

UNESCO International Standard Classification of Education

Acronym:  ISCED

Organisation responsible:  ISCED is a widely recognized classification framework for organizing and comparing educational programs and qualifications on an international level. It helps in standardizing the reporting and analysis of educational data across different countries.

Official web page:  https://uis.unesco.org/en/home

Description:  ISCED is a widely recognized classification framework for organizing and comparing educational programs and qualifications on an international level. It helps in standardizing the reporting and analysis of educational data across different countries.

Current Version:  2011

Schema location:  https://uis.unesco.org/en/topic/international-standard-classification-education-isced

Standard:  Open standard

Type of data:  Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not applicable

License details:  None required

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education

Acronym:  Not applicable

Organisation responsible:  The Carnegie Classification is a framework developed by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching to categorize and classify U.S. colleges and universities based on their research and degree-granting activities. It provides a common classification system for higher education institutions.

Official web page:  https://carnegieclassifications.acenet.edu/

Description:  The Carnegie Classification is a framework developed by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching to categorize and classify U.S. colleges and universities based on their research and degree-granting activities. It provides a common classification system for higher education institutions.

Current Version:  2021

Schema location:  https://carnegieclassifications.acenet.edu/carnegie-classification/classification-methodology/basic-classification/

Standard:  Open standard

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not applicable

License details:  None required

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

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