Energy and utilities models

Geonation energy and utility models

Standard data models play a crucial role in the energy and utilities sector by providing a structured framework for organizing and analyzing vast amounts of data. These models establish a common language and structure, enabling seamless integration and interoperability across various systems and entities within the sector. They facilitate efficient data exchange, ensuring accurate and consistent information flow among different stakeholders such as power generators, grid operators, distribution companies, and consumers. Standard data models also support effective monitoring and control of energy infrastructure, enabling real-time data analysis for optimizing operations, improving grid reliability, and managing energy resources more effectively. Additionally, these models promote data transparency and enable advanced analytics, such as predictive maintenance, demand forecasting, and energy consumption analysis, fostering informed decision-making, energy efficiency, and the integration of renewable energy sources into the grid.

Common Information Model

Acronym:  CIM

Organisation responsible:   Distributed Management Task Force

Official web page:  https://www.dmtf.org/

Description:  CIM is an international standard for representing power system and energy market information. It provides a common framework and data model for exchanging information between various energy systems and applications.

Current Version:  CGMES v.3

Schema location:  https://www.dmtf.org/standards/cim

Standard: WBEM and SMASH

Type of data:  Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not available

License details: Open standard / None required

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

MultiSpeak

Acronym:  Not applicable

Organisation responsible:  It is funded by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA)

Official web page:  https://www.multispeak.org/

Description:  MultiSpeak is a set of data exchange standards developed by the electric utility industry. It facilitates interoperability between different software applications used in utilities, including outage management, distribution management, and geographic information systems.

Current Version:  v5

Schema location:  https://www.multispeak.org/multispeak-specification/

Standard:  Not available

Type of data:  UML / XML / WDSL

Primary purpose : Hierarchical data classification / Structured data exchange

API available:  Not available

License details:  Available here

Data model (Power BI):  Not available

Energy Interoperation

Acronym:  EI

Organisation responsible:  Oasis open

Official web page:  https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=energyinterop

Description:  EI is a standard developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the integration and interoperability of energy management and control systems. It enables communication between various devices, systems, and networks in the smart grid infrastructure.

Current Version:  1.0

Schema location:  http://docs.oasis-open.org/energyinterop/ei/v1.0/os/energyinterop-v1.0-os.html

Standard:  ISO/IEC 19464:2014

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Available here

License details:  Available here

Data model (Power BI):  Not available

International Electrotechnical Commission Standards

Acronym:  IEC

Organisation responsible:  International Electrotechnical Commission

Official web page:  https://iec.ch/homepage

Description:  The IEC has developed various standards relevant to the energy and utilities sector. These include IEC 61970 and IEC 61968 for power system information exchange, IEC 61850 for substation automation, and IEC 62325 for electricity market data exchange.

Current Version:  1.0

Schema location:  https://iec.ch/standards-development

Standard:  IEC 60364

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Available here

License details:  Open data

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Open Automated Demand Response

Acronym:  OpenADR

Organisation responsible:  OpenADR Alliance

Official web page:  https://www.openadr.org/

Description:  OpenADR is a communication protocol and standard for demand response in the energy sector. It enables automated and dynamic interaction between utilities and end-use customers to manage electricity demand during peak periods.

Current Version:  2.0A and 2.0B

Schema location:  https://www.openadr.org/specification-download

Standard:  IEC 62746-10-1:2018

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not available

License details:  Open data

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Green Button Data Standard

Acronym:  Not applicable

Organisation responsible:  The Green Button Alliance

Official web page:  https://www.greenbuttonalliance.org/

Description:  The Green Button initiative, developed by the North American Energy Standards Board (NAESB), provides a standardized format for accessing and sharing energy usage data. It allows utility customers to securely access their energy consumption information for analysis and optimization.

Current Version:  2.0A and 2.0B

Schema location:  https://dev.greenbuttonalliance.org/library.html

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Not available

License details:  All certification applicants are required to purchase a copy of the latest published standard as part of the Certification requirements

Data model (Power BI):  Not available

NAESB Wholesale Gas Quadrant

Acronym:  WGQ

Organisation responsible:  North American Energy Standards Board

Official web page:  https://www.naesb.org/wgq/imp.asp

Description:  WGQ is a data exchange standard for the natural gas industry. It defines the format and protocols for exchanging information related to gas transactions, nominations, scheduling, and balancing.

Current Version:  3.2

Schema location:  https://www.naesb.org/wgq/imp.asp

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not available

License details:  Different versions available for members and non-members

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Energy Star Data Schema

Acronym:  Not applicable

Organisation responsible:  United States Department of Energy

Official web page:  https://www.energystar.gov/

Description: Energy Star is a program by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that promotes energy efficiency. The Energy Star data schema provides a standardized format for collecting and reporting energy usage data for buildings, appliances, and equipment.

Current Version:  7.0

Schema location:  https://data.energystar.gov/browse?limitTo=datasets

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Available here

License details:  Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Standards

Acronym:  NERC

Organisation responsible:  North American Electric Reliability Corporation

Official web page:  https://www.energystar.gov/

Description:  NERC develops and enforces reliability standards for the North American bulk power system. These standards include data reporting and exchange requirements for areas such as operations, planning, and cybersecurity.

Current Version:  7.0

Schema location:  https://www.nerc.com/pa/Stand/Pages/default.aspx

Standard:  US Reliability standards are here

Type of data:  Reference data

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not available

License details:  Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Not available

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