Transport and logistics models

Geonation transport and logistics models

In the transportation and logistics sector, data models play a crucial role in enhancing efficiency, optimizing operations, and improving decision-making processes. Data models provide a structured representation of relevant information, such as routes, schedules, vehicle capacities, and customer demands, enabling companies to understand and visualize their operations comprehensively. By leveraging these models, organizations can analyze historical and real-time data to identify patterns, predict demand fluctuations, and optimize routes and schedules. Standard data methods, such as data normalization, data cleaning, and data integration, ensure data consistency and integrity across different systems and sources, facilitating seamless communication and collaboration within the supply chain. These tools enable transportation and logistics companies to achieve cost reductions, minimize delays, improve resource allocation, enhance customer satisfaction, and adapt to dynamic market conditions, ultimately leading to a more agile and competitive industry.

Rail

RailML

Acronym:  railML

Organisation responsible:  railML.org

Official web page:  https://www.railml.org/

Description:  RailML is an XML-based data model used for the exchange of railway infrastructure data. It defines standardized schemas for representing track layouts, signaling systems, timetables, and other related information.

Current Version:  3.2 (26 April 2022)

Schema location:  https://www.railml.org/en/download.html

Standard:  It is used as an industry standard

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  No, but API code available

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

General Transit Feed Specification

Acronym:  GTFS

Organisation responsible:

Official web page:   https://gtfs.org/

Description:  GTFS is a widely adopted data format for public transit systems, including railways. It provides a standardized schema for representing static timetable and geographic information, allowing applications to plan routes, display schedules, and calculate trip durations.

Current Version:  2.0

Schema location:  https://gtfs.org/schedule/reference/

Standard:  It is used as an industry standard

Type of data:  CSV

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  No, but API code available

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

RailTopoModel

Acronym:  RailTopoModel

Organisation responsible:  railML

Official web page:   https://www.railtopomodel.org/

Description:   RailTopoModel is an information model for railway infrastructure data, developed by the International Union of Railways (UIC). It defines a unified schema to represent the topological and geometrical aspects of railway networks, including tracks, switches, and stations.

Current Version:  Released as International Railway Standard (IRS) 30100 in April 2016. RTM development (from RTM 1.2) went on as a fork initiated by the railML community and managed by the organisation railML.org

Schema location:  https://www.railtopomodel.org/download-rtm.html

Standard:  International Railway Standard (IRS) 30100

Type of data:  UML based on connexity graph theory / Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Not applicable

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Rail Industry Standard Classification

Acronym:  RISC

Organisation responsible:  railML

Official web page:   https://www.rssb.co.uk/

Description:  RISC is a classification system used in the rail sector to categorize products, services, and equipment. It provides a standardized framework for organizing and identifying railway-related assets, facilitating procurement and supply chain management.

Current Version:  Issue 5 (26 Nov 13)

Schema location: Various at https://www.rssb.co.uk/standards

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  Various

Primary purpose :  Various

API available:  Not applicable

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Not available

Technical Specification for Interoperability relating to Telematics Applications for Freight/Passenger Services

Acronym:  TAF TAP TSI

Organisation responsible:  Joint Research Group

Official web page:   https://rne.eu/it/taf-tap-tsi/

Description:  TAF/TAP TSI is a European standard for exchanging railway operational data, including train schedules, rolling stock information, and infrastructure details. The data model defines the structure and format for interoperable data exchange between different rail systems.

Current Version:  3.3 available here

Schema location:  http://taf-jsg.info/?page_id=172

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Not applicable

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Road and public transport

Transmodel

Acronym:  Transmodel

Organisation responsible:  European Committee for Standardization

Official web page:   https://transmodel-cen.eu/

Description:  Transmodel is a standard data model developed by the International Association of Public Transport (UITP) that provides a conceptual framework for describing public transport data. It covers various aspects such as network infrastructure, schedules, fares, and real-time information.

Current Version:  v6

Schema location:  https://transmodel-cen.eu/downloads/

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  UML / Hierarchical data classification

Primary purpose :  Structured data storage

API available:  Available here

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

DATEX II

Acronym:  DATEX II

Organisation responsible:  European Committee for Standardization

Official web page:   https://www.datex2.eu/

Description:  DATEX II (Data Exchange for Traffic Information) is an international standard for the exchange of traffic-related data. It defines a common data model and schema for representing information about road traffic, including traffic flows, incidents, and travel times.

Current Version:  v3

Schema location:  https://www.datex2.eu/datex2/specifications

Standard:  Standardised jointly by CEN TC/278 and ISO TC/204

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Available here

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

OpenLR

Acronym:  OpenLR

Organisation responsible:  TomTom

Official web page:   http://www.openlr.org/

Description:  OpenLR is an open standard for encoding and decoding location references related to road networks. It provides a compact way to represent geographic locations on the road and is often used for dynamic traffic information exchange.

Current Version:  v3

Schema location:  http://www.openlr.org/method.html

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Not available

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

Logistics

United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business

Acronym:  OpenLR

Organisation responsible:  TomTom

Official web page:   http://www.openlr.org/

Description:  OpenLR is an open standard for encoding and decoding location references related to road networks. It provides a compact way to represent geographic locations on the road and is often used for dynamic traffic information exchange.

Current Version:  v3

Schema location:  http://www.openlr.org/method.html

Standard:  Not applicable

Type of data:  XML

Primary purpose :  Structured data exchange

API available:  Not available

License details: Open standard

Data model (Power BI):  Available on request

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